Exhibitions. PASSWORDS. New Representation on Femininity
EIGHT FEMINIST STRATEGIES TO INTERRUPT THE MALE GAZE
Kajsa Dahlberg / VALIE EXPORT / Sanja
Iveković / Elke Silvia Krystufek / Tracey Moffatt / Laura Mulvey / Ulrike
Rosenbach / Carolee Schneemann
Curated by Xabier Arakistain
October 21, 2011 - February 12, 2012
The show compiles a series of works dated from the beginning of the 1970´s until today that present different feminist strategies to interrupt the patriarchal gaze. The semi-psychoanalytic feminist studies that became popular in the 1980s reached the conclusion that the gaze was a male cultural construction built within a male order whose purpose was to perpetuate the patriarchal order, and accordingly they began to theorise strategies of resistance and combat. Back in 1975 Laura Mulvey, in Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema, provided the keys for the construction of a feminist gaze aimed at deconstructing and subverting the patriarchal gaze, for which she proposed, along with Cook and Johnston, the development of “counter-cinema” to highlight the way in which the male gaze is constructed.
In parallel, since the end of the 1960s, within the art field (where counter-cinema found and increasingly finds the warmth of shelter), various generations of women artists have been developing a feminist artistic practice which has in the main pursued the same objectives, and which may in this sense be considered as “counter-art”. It is an art that constitutes an essential contribution to the task of constructing a feminist gaze a gaze that could be define as the deep gaze that interrupts the male gaze because it is capable of widening to include multiple bonds with the socio-historic matrix and the ideology that constructs it. The feminist gaze is that wich makes the invisible visible, beyond recovering the discarded takes that have erased women from history, since it also exposes the socio-political origin of the very act of looking.